1. Where did the term "Jim Crow" come from? How is the origin of this term offensive? List 3 ways.
The term “Jim Crow” came from a song performed by Daddy Rice in the 1830s. The origin of this term is offensive because the song was performed by a white minstrel, Daddy Rice, but he covered his face with charcoal to resemble a black man. He also sang and danced to resemble a silly black man. “Jim Crow” also was portrayed a stereotypical image of a black man and was performed daily in minstrel shows.
2. How did the term "Jim Crow" become synonymous with the segregation laws in the South?
How became synonymous with the segregation laws in the South is not known. What they do know is that by the 1900s the term was generally identified with the racist laws and actions that deprived African Americans of their civil rights by defining blacks as inferior to whites.
3. What ended Reconstruction in the South, and what effect did that have on southern blacks?
The end of Reconstruction in the South was marked by the Compromise of 1877 gave the presidency to republican Rutherford B. Hazes in return for his promise to end Reconstruction. The Compromise protected the civil rights of southern blacks.
4. Legally, African-Americans had the right to vote. How was their right to suffrage compromised? Please list 3 ways whites made it nearly impossible for blacks to vote.
Their right to suffrage was compromised by more southern states becoming more systematically to disfranchise black males by imposing voter registration restrictions. They did this by creating literacy tests, poll taxes, and white primary.
5. How did the Plessy v. Ferguson case (1896) uphold Jim Crow laws? What effect did this case have on the lives (transportation, education, social implications, etc) of southern blacks?
Plessy v. Ferguson case upholded the “separate but equal” language in state laws and refused the federal government to enact anti-lynching laws. Southern blacks wanted to avoid whites as much as possible which meant supporting their own schools, and community based support groups as much as possible.
1. The term Jim Crow came from the actor Daddy Rice’s performance that poked fun at African Americans. Jim Crow was the name of the character in Rice’s performance, while in this performance he would use charcoal to cover his face to make it look like he was an African American. The character was used to show black inferiority to white people in family life, general everyday life, and culture.
2. How the term Jim Crow became synonymous with the segregation laws in the South, is unclear. However, the term identified the racist laws by defining blacks as inferior to whites.
6. He rebelled against segregation, he also help fund the Tuskegee Institute. He was born into slavery, which probably meant that he lived in the southern continental United States.
7. He was Harvard educated and opposed segregation in the south; he lived in New England. He believed that African Americans should insist upon all constitutional rights as American citizens.
8. W.E.B DuBois and Booker T. Washington differed in their ideas, because one was more passive in his ideas to eliminate slavery, and the other was more aggressive.
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